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Hyperpigmentation refers to areas of your skin that are darker in contrast to the surrounding areas; these spots can range from the size of a freckle to a large and patchy area.
This skin condition is caused by melanocytes in our skin cells, which normally absorb the sun’s ultraviolet rays. They produce melanin, which causes our skin to tan. There may be increased melanocytes or hyperactive melanocytes in certain areas of your skin that overproduce melanin, resulting in a brown patch or hyperpigmentation.
Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation, which leaves large patchy brown areas on the face, mostly on the forehead, cheeks and temples.
Most of us have some hyperpigmentation because we all have melanin, which reacts to sun exposure. Anyone who has had significant sun exposure (older people) is, of course, more likely to see the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Because your face, neck and hands are the parts of your body that are exposed to the sun most often, it usually appears in these areas.
This skin condition is typically easily treated, although it will likely reappear with sun exposure.